## Free entry to ScienceDirect for journalists

As in China, there is a lack of continuity in Indian mathematics; vital advances are separated by lengthy periods of inactivity. Although ethnic Greek mathematicians continued beneath the rule of the late Roman Republic and subsequent Roman Empire, there were no noteworthy native Latin mathematicians as compared. It is unclear if the Romans first derived their numerical system instantly from the Greek precedent or from Etruscan numerals used by the Etruscan civilization centered in what’s now Tuscany, central Italy.

Many early texts point out Pythagorean triples and so, by inference, the Pythagorean theorem seems to be essentially the most historic and widespread mathematical improvement after fundamental arithmetic and geometry. It is in Babylonian mathematics that elementary arithmetic (addition, subtraction, multiplication and division) first appear in the archaeological report. The Babylonians additionally possessed a place-worth system, and used a sexagesimal numeral system which is still …